August 12, 2019
After the ICO trend boomed back in 2017, it quickly started seeing its fair share of problems. Not only were there all kinds of projects emerging everywhere in the world - many of them weak and without a clear idea of what to do next — but many of them ended up being scams. This is not particularly surprising, as scammers are known to follow the money, and ICOs raised a lot of it two years ago.
Numerous other issues, like the fact that most coins are considered to be securities, caused the US regulator, the SEC, to intervene, and the infamous ICO crackdown took place. Because of this, as well as the drop in prices during 2018's year-long bear market, the ICO model nearly went extinct. Now, it seems like it made a comeback, although not as strongly as before.
However, the ICO is not the only thing that had returned with price recovery, as fake promises made by scammers can still be encountered today, as well. In fact, the New Jersey securities watchdog recently interfered after identifying two of them, immediately sending cease-and-desist order and breaking the token sale.
The two fake ICOs were known as Unocall and Zoptax, and they were trying to raise funds from retail investors via an online token offering. However, along the way, they triggered legislation against the sale of unregistered securities. According to the New Jersey regulator, both projects' coins were actually unregistered securities, and the projects were promising large payouts to those who choose to buy their tokens.
Gurbir S. Grewal, the Attorney General, stated that the regulator's recent actions demonstrate that the New Jersey watchdog stands ready to protect investors in case of unlawful ICOs and other crypto-related schemes. He added that the innovation in the crypto-related investment market should not let the market players forget that the rules still apply to everyone involved.
Of course, this was not the first time that the state's regulator had interfered in fake crypto offers. Fraudulent ICOs often use aggressive, direct persuasion methods, which makes them rather easy to spot. The worst part is that they are targeting small-scale investors, who cannot protect themselves. This is why the Attorney General of New Jersey launched a special task force back in April 2018. The task force focused on inspecting token sales, seeking out fraud and breaking up fundraising.
In January 2019, this drive to check crypto projects evolved into Operation Cryptosweep. So far, the task force seems to have been very successful, opening as many as 85 enforcement actions on various crypto projects and ICOs. They made over 330 inquiries and investigations in regards to projects registered in Canada and the US, meaning that nearly one-fourth was breaking the law in one way or another.
As mentioned, the ICO sector is now significantly slower than back in late 2017, and most investors are far more likely to participate in IEOs (Initial Exchange Offerings). However, ICOs are still not gone completely, and there are people willing to try their luck and invest in them, even though these are mostly small-scale investors.
Bureau Chief, Christopher W. Gerold, believes that the refreshed interest in ICO investing comes as a consequence of the increase in the price of Bitcoin, as well as the announcement of Facebook's Libra. New investors are not aware of the danger, and even some of the older ones can be tricked by these projects, which is why the regulators once again urge caution.
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