Bitcoin was first introduced immediately following The Great Recession, born as the first-ever peer-to-peer electronic cash system. The cryptocurrency itself and its underlying blockchain technology was introduced to the world by the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto.
Over time, as its network grows and so does the price per coin, the narrative driving each market cycle has evolved. From initially being presented as a replacement for digital cash or a digital payment currency, it has since started to take shape as a “store of value.”
The digital gold narrative has been especially powerful, driving up Bitcoin value in the near term and causing gold prices to fall. Despite the growing ways Bitcoin could be becoming a store of value in the future, there are still several arguments to be made as to why it isn’t currently adhering to the traditional store of value definition.
When Bitcoin was created, it was designed with several key attributes of the precious metal gold in mind. It is due to these elements that have caused the cryptocurrency to be increasingly considered as a store of value, and a way to protect wealth.
In its current state, however, the cryptocurrency simply is not fully ready to be a store of value, although it does share several similarities with assets that are considered such, and could very well become the best store of value ever to exist.
Over time, as more investors buy into Bitcoin and the technology is more widely adopted and the cryptocurrency network transitions away from being a speculative asset, only then can it truly achieve store of value status.
According to Wikipedia, one can define a store of value as “an asset that can be saved, retrieved and exchanged at a later time, and be predictably useful when retrieved.” “More generally, a store of value is anything that retains purchasing power into the future” a description continues.
Traditionally, the most common stores of value have been “money, currency, or a commodity like a precious metal or financial capital.” Stores of value offer risk management due to “the stable demand for the underlying asset.” That’s why money has always been among the best stores of value, along with gold.
As mentioned, the primary factor into what makes an asset a reliable store of value, is a stable demand, or in other words, regular liquidity to tap into at any time. This is also why what we know today as fiat “money” and the dollar have long remained in power as the global reserve currency and the most liquid and stable currencies globally.
If it weren’t for fiat money’s deep liquidity, the argument against currencies like the dollar being a good store of value would be made more often. Fears over hyperinflation due to an influx of money supply to fuel stimulus packages have disrupted the relative value of money, causing others assets to perform better as a store of value due to scarcity.
Next, the most generally accepted store of value, is precious metals such as gold, silver, palladium, platinum, and others. Chiefly, it is gold that is used for such reasons as storing value or other related benefits such as hedging against inflation.
Scarcity is one of the primary factors behind gold acting as a good store of value. It has been used traditionally for centuries, and is one of the earliest forms of money. Governments also hold gold as part of their reserves, and there are ways to cash in gold at nearly every corner. Liquidity in gold is abundant. There’s even industrial uses, as well as demand in jewelry.
Even gold or other precious metals used in jewelry can act as a store of value, as well as any other fine luxury goods, valuables, art, or item of particular rarity that is worth money.
Remember, not all of these items always make for a good store of value, because a requirement of being such involves a stable demand. For example, there may not always be a stable demand for a rare art piece if tastes dramatically change.
Despite the cryptocurrency name, Bitcoin is not a currency in a traditional sense of the term. The idea of Bitcoin as money has for now disappeared, with very few actually spending the cryptocurrency on goods, services, and more. The fact Bitcoin is no longer being used for such transactions has led to its community to push other narratives to the forefront, such as a store of value, hedge against inflation, and unit of account.
The store of value and hyperinflation hedge have combined into the “digital gold” narrative that exploded in 2020 and into 2021, putting a stop to the ongoing bull market in metals, and instead causing a bull market in cryptocurrencies as capital flows from gold and into Bitcoin.
Gold is highly regarded historically for its finite supply. It is the hardest form of money ever prior to Bitcoin, and is why the term “gold standard” exists.
Only 21 million BTC will ever exist, making it extremely scarce and even more finite than even gold. Even more BTC are thought to be lost forever, locked away behind forgotten private keys or potentially owned by the deceased. Even the coin’s creator, Satoshi, is thought to have passed and they are believed to have held more than 1 million of the BTC supply.
The bull market in Bitcoin has once again brought up the debate on if Bitcoin is fitting of the description “store of value” just because its price has been recently increasing. However, considering the cryptocurrency’s history of 80% corrections, it is truly challenging to with good confidence call Bitcoin a good store of value currently. But that doesn’t mean it can’t eventually be a store of value some day. For now, it is more of a speculative asset.
According to Wikipedia’s landing page on the topic “store of value,” it says that “cryptocurrency’s role as a store of value currently is a matter of debate.” The United States Internal Revenue Service defines cryptocurrencies as all three – a unit of account, a medium of exchange, and a store of value.
Storing value, of course, involves actually storing the asset. But is that really the best way to get the most out of your Bitcoin? Keeping a small amount of BTC in a cryptocurrency wallet is okay, however, to get the most value out of your assets, Bitcoin trading using a crypto exchange or advanced trading platform such as PrimeXBT is best.
Because the cryptocurrency is a speculative asset still, and risks yet another 80% correction at any point in time, trading Bitcoin can let investors book profits during the bull market, but be ready and waiting with short positions to profit when things turn back down.
This investment strategy is shown to make more profits overall than HODLing alone. Bitcoin price predictions reach hundreds of thousands of dollars, to millions per coin. But what analysts don’t say, is how long it might take to get there, and what the rollercoaster ride might look like.
Those who bought the peak in 2017 didn’t know at the time they were doing so. Those that were told to HODL, held strong all the way from $20,000 down to $3,000. From $3,000, the cryptocurrency went to $13,000, and then back to under $4,000. Now, it’s well above $50,000 per coin and still trending higher. Some day it could reach store of value status, but because corrections can go deeper than most expect, it can also be incredibly risky unless you manage positions effectively.
Bitcoin is a speculative asset currently, that is slowly but surely developing into a store of value. In time, it could perform more like gold and take the place of assets like it in large investment portfolios. Still, many questions remain. Here’s a list of the most commonly asked questions related to Bitcoin’s growing use as a store of value.
The value of Bitcoin is always changing, making it a not so great store of value. It’s getting there, but not quite yet. The value currently is roughly $60,000 per coin, however, this could have changed dozens of times by the time you read this.
Bitcoin is so valuable due to the limited 21 million BTC supply, and because users of its network participate in it, and investors say it does.
Bitcoin is considered a store of value because capital can be stored in the form of BTC and moved across the blockchain digitally and without a third party intermediary. The cryptocurrency shares several attributes with gold.
Bitcoin is not a great store of value due to a variety of factors, but primarily due to the volatility. The cryptocurrency explodes in value during bull markets, but falls deep into a bear market usually by 80% or more.
Bitcoin may or may not exist in ten years, and that’s what makes it a speculative asset and coin for traders rather than a store of value currently. If it was 100% certain Bitcoin would be around in ten years much like gold has been around for centuries, or because the government backs the currency, then it could be more useful as a store of value.
With Bitcoin still existing more as a speculative asset that’s highly volatile than a store of value with stable demand and price, it serves best as an asset that is traded to maximize the return on investment.
Bitcoin’s bull market could end at any moment, after the coin climbed more than ten times from under $4,000 to more than $60,000 per coin. For any of those attempting to store value in the highly volatile cryptocurrency, it is risking an 80% loss on that value as soon as the parabolic advance has ended, according to historical market cycle data.
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